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    厂家对锉削的概念与锉刀的构造分析

    2018-10-23 16:17:05 无锡盛发地坪科技有限公司 阅读

    锉削的概念与锉刀的构造(1)锉削的概念;用锉刀从零件表面锉掉多余的金属,使零件达到图样要求的尺寸、形状和表面粗糙度的操作叫作锉削。其应用范围很广,可锉工件的外表面、内孔、沟槽和各种形状复杂的表面。
    The concept of filing and the structure of a file (1) the concept of filing; the use of a file from the surface of a part to file away excess metal, so that the part to meet the requirements of the size, shape and surface roughness of the operation called filing. It has a wide range of applications, which can be used for filing external surfaces, holes, trenches, and various complex surfaces.
    锉刀是锉削的主要工具,一般由碳素工具钢T12或T13制成,经过热处理淬硬,其切削部分的硬度达到62HRC以上。
    File is the main tool for file cutting. It is usually made of carbon tool steel T12 or T13. After heat treatment and hardening, the hardness of the cutting part reaches above 62HRC.
    (2)锉刀的构造:锉刀主要由锉身和锉柄两部分组成。锉刀面是锉削的主要工作面。锉刀面上有许多锉齿。锉削时每个锉齿相当于一把錾子在对材料进行切削,锉纹是巾锉齿有规则排列的图案,锉刀的齿纹分为单齿纹和双齿纹两种。单齿纹只有一个方向齿纹,常用于锉削软材料如铝、铜;双齿纹有两个方向的齿纹,齿纹浅的叫作底齿纹,齿纹深的叫作面齿纹,适合于硬材料的锉削。
    (2) file structure: the file is mainly made up of two parts: file body and file handle. The file face is the main working face for filing. There are many files on the file. Each tooth of a file is equivalent to a handful of chips in cutting the material. The pattern of a file is a pattern of regular arrangement of the teeth of a towel file. The tooth patterns of a file are divided into two types: single and double tooth patterns. The single tooth pattern has only one directional tooth pattern, which is often used to file soft materials such as aluminum and copper; the double tooth pattern has two directional tooth patterns, the shallow one is called the bottom one, and the deep one is called the face one, which is suitable for file cutting of hard materials.


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