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    锉刀种类有哪几种/使用时应该怎么保养?

    2018-10-22 10:55:23 无锡盛发地坪科技有限公司 阅读

    锉刀种类有哪几种/使用时应该怎么保养?锉刀的品种很多。 ①按用途分有:普通钳工锉,用于一般的锉削加工;木锉,用于锉削木材、皮革等软质材料;整形锉(什锦锉),用于锉削小而精细的金属零件,有许多各种断面形状的锉刀组成一套;刃磨木工锯用锉刀;专用锉刀,如锉修特殊形状的平形和弓形的异形锉(特种锉),有直形和弯形两种。
    What kinds of files are there? How should they be maintained when used? There are many kinds of files. (1) According to their uses, they are: common benchwork files for general filing processing; wooden files for filing wood, leather and other soft materials; plastic files (assorted files), used for filing small and fine metal parts, there are many kinds of cross-sectional shapes of the file, a blade grinding woodworker saw file; special files, such as file trimming special There are two types of flat file and special shape file, which are straight and curved.
    锉刀按剖面形状分有扁锉(平锉)、方锉、半圆锉、圆锉、三角锉、菱形锉和刀形锉等(见图)。平锉用来锉平面、外圆面和凸弧面;方锉用来锉方孔、长方孔和窄平面;三角锉用来锉内角、三角孔和平面;半圆锉用来锉凹弧面和平面;圆锉用来锉圆孔、半径较小的凹弧面和椭圆面。
    (2) The file is divided into flat file (flat file), square file, semicircular file, round file, triangular file, diamond file and knife file according to the profile shape (see figure). A flat file is used to file a plane, an outer circle, and a convex arc; a square file is used to file a square hole, a rectangular hole, and a narrow plane; a triangular file is used to file an inner angle, a triangular hole, and a plane; a semicircular file is used to file a concave arc and a plane; and a circular file is used to file a circular hole, a small radius, a concave arc and an elliptical surface.
    锉刀按锉纹形式分单纹锉和双纹锉两种。单纹锉的刀齿对轴线倾斜成一个角度,适于加工软质的有色金属;双纹锉刀的主、副锉纹交叉排列,用于加工钢铁和有色金属。它能把宽的锉屑分成许多小段,使锉削比较轻快。
    The file is divided into two types: single file and double file. The teeth of a single-grain file are inclined at an angle to the axis, suitable for processing soft non-ferrous metals; the main and secondary filings of a double-grain file are arranged crosswise, used for processing steel and non-ferrous metals. It can divide the wide file into many segments, so that the file is lighter. 
    锉刀按每10毫米长度内主锉纹条数分为Ⅰ~Ⅴ号,其中Ⅰ号为粗齿锉,Ⅱ号为中齿锉,Ⅲ号为细齿锉,Ⅳ号和Ⅴ号为油光锉,分别用于粗加工和精加工。金刚石锉刀没有锉纹,只是在锉刀表面电镀一层金刚石粉,用以锉削淬硬金属。
    (4) Files are divided into I-V according to the number of main filing lines per 10 mm length, of which I is coarse-tooth file, II is medium-tooth file, III is fine-tooth file, IV and V are oil-polished files, respectively, for rough processing and finishing. The diamond file has no filing lines, but a layer of diamond powder is plated on the surface of the file to file hardened metal.
    锉刀保存时:要避免沾水、沾油或其他赃物、不可重叠或和其他坚硬的工具堆放到一起,保持锉刀表面清洁,存放到干燥处!一般两年内不会发生变黄生锈现象。(前提是你使用的锉刀是经过防锈处理的一般小的锉刀厂家不具备锉刀防锈处理能力,或只具备一部分,)常规的锉刀防锈方法是按下列步骤进行的:
    File preservation: to avoid water, oil or other stolen goods, not overlap or other hard tools stacked together, keep the surface of the file clean, stored in a dry place! There will not be yellowing or rust in the next two years. (Provided that the file you are using is a rust-proof general small file manufacturers do not have the ability to rust-proof treatment, or only a part of the file,) the conventional file rust-proof method is to follow the following steps:
    (1) 先将经过淬火处理过的锉刀放入热酸中加热2小时、
    (1) heat the hardened file into the hot acid for 2 hours.
    (2)再转入冷酸中侵泡24小时、
    (2) then pour into cold acid for 24 hours.
    (3)捞出后再做表面喷砂处理,
    (3) remove the surface and then make sandblasting.
    (4)最后过防锈油,控干,直至包装。
    (4) last rust preventive oil is dried until packing.
    注:一般的小作坊不具备这些措施,有的甚至还在用刷防锈漆做防锈处理(最原始的防锈方法)
    Note: The general small workshop does not have these measures, and some even use brush anti-rust paint as anti-rust treatment (the most original anti-rust method)
    小作坊生产的锉刀硬度和防锈能力都达不到,使用一段时间就会生锈,变钝。影响锉削效果. 建议购买锉刀时请选择有知名度的厂家购买,国内的品牌(全工、沪工、飞箭、双箭)做工和防锈做的比较不错!注意假冒的也很多有!购买时要擦亮眼睛!
    The hardness and rust resistance of the files produced in small workshops can not be reached. They will rust and become blunt after a period of use. It is recommended to choose well-known manufacturers to buy the file. Domestic brands (full-time, Shanghai, flying arrows, double arrows) and rust do better! Note that counterfeiting is also a lot! Polish your eyes when you buy! 


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